A term “nootropics” appeared in 1972. It was offered by the Belgian pharmacologist C. Giurgea. He discovered this new group of the medical ingredients, and his partner, V. Skondia, and he synthesized the first nootropic Piracetam. It was in 1963. Nobody separated nootropics as a new group of medicines, and it was considered the common psychostimulants.
Unlike classical psychostimulants, nootropics have a slightly different mechanism of the action and cause a longer stimulation of the cognitive functions.
Piracetam was considered as the best psychostimulant with minimal side effects for a long time. but in 1970, after long-term studies, the French scientist, Michel Jouvet and Lafon represented a psychostimulant of the new generation – Modafinil. It was different from Piracetam. It had a longer and intensive action to the higher functions of the brain and a broader action.
After studying the pharmacological characteristics of Modafinil, scientists decided to call Nootropics as a separate group. In the international classification of drugs, nootropics are united with psychostimulants but have a separate pharmacotherapeutic group with a code ATX: N06BX.
History of Modafinil
Piracetam is still one of the most popular nootropics but Modafinil is better according to the therapeutic characteristics. As the pharmacological action of Modafinil is broader than it has been considered at first, scientists have taken 15 years to study the therapeutic characteristics of the drug. In 1986, after prolonged studies, Modafinil was approved for the use as a psychostimulant.
At first this medicine has entered the market of Europe. It was actively used in France to treat narcolepsy. But when the additional features of Modafinil were found out, the drug quickly entered the western market in the USA and Canada.
In the USA, Modafinil was called a smart-drug, and in 1993 FDA approved this product for the use medicinally.
The experimental studies of Modafinil have been actively conducted within the past 15 years. According to the opinion of scientists, this medicine may be used for the treatment of cocaine addiction, obesity, essential liver cirrhosis, bipolar affective disorders, multiple sclerosis, and others.
All these studies have been still conducted, and in the USA the smart-drug is used for purposes other than intended. Lately, the progressive youth use Modafinil to obtain super-powers. It is proved that Modafinil improves the higher functions of the brain and makes a human more concentrated, attentive, and accelerates the brain functioning. Even a slight stimulation of the brain activity leads to the evident results in learning and different fields of the activity. Therefore, students, young specialists and other people take Modafinil to have new emotions and abilities.
Nowadays, era of Modafinil just begins. More than 10 officially registered nootropics have been developed which are similar to Modafinil and have similar characteristics. The effect of Modafinil is interesting, and this medicine is for sale in pharmacies in many countries.
This medicine is for sale under different trade names. You may find Modafinil under the following names: Alertec, Alertex, Altasomil, Aspendos, Forcilin, Intensit, Mentix, Modafinil, Modafinilo, Modanil, Walkert, Modavigil, Modiodal, Modalert, Modvigil, Provigil and others.